26 January 2016


Various Artists - 1967 - Tropicalia: Ou Panis et Circencis
Quality: 4.5 out of 5
Trip-O-Meter: 4 out of 5

Caetano Veloso - 1967 - Caetano Veloso
Quality: 5 out of 5
Trip-O-Meter; 4.5 out of 5

Gilberto Gil - 1968 - Gilberto Gil
Quality: 5 out of 5
Trip-O-Meter: 4.5 out of 5

Caetano Veloso - 1969 - Caetano Veloso
Quality: 4.5 out of 5
Trip-O-Meter: 4.25 out of 5

Gilberto Gil - 1969 - Gilberto Gil
Quality: 4.75 out of 5
Tip-O-Meter: 4.5 out of 5

Milton Nascimento - 1970 - Milton
Quality: 4 out of 5
Trip-O-Meter: 4 out of 5

I've got to admit, I've been staring this post down in the face for almost two months.  It's not necessarily writer's block.  The Tropicalia scene in late 60's Brazil carries the cajones of any Beatle-boot wearin' prog rocker among the English speaking music set, so it's important, groundbreaking stuff.  These artists' names typically get tossed around the musical hipster crowd, especially with the more proactive efforts of David Byrne, but the fact remains that I've been looking for a few of these albums for almost 20 years.  I'll blame the language barrier.

I've got a lyric sheet in Portuguese, and one in Japanese, and I'm not to sharp on reading either.  Tropicalia is a wild fusion, owing a base in traditional Brazilian music forms, but basically incorporating outside influences in an indiscreet, and often very trippy way.  Now our British and American musical heroes were not lacking in trying to lyrically take down the Man a notch, but Brazil was under the thumb of a military dictatorship at the time, and the abstractly political lyrics actually put Veloso and Gil in prison for a spell, and then exiled to the UK for a few years.  They were saying important stuff, but I don't know what it is, and thus I've had trouble considering each album as a whole.  That's why I've elected to write about the musical tend as a whole.  So lets get musical.

The Tropicalia compilation is about the most definitive that one can muster for a musical form on a single LP.  It probably helps that despite the various artists nature of the thing, it seems that most of it was recorded as an album, with Caetano Veloso ring leading, and Gilberto Gil, Gal Costa, Brazilian space rockers Os Mutantes, and LSD-drenched composer and arranger Rogerio Duprat making important contributions.  Some of the tracks are just mildly twisted bossa novas, which are pleasant enough, but the key tunes are real mindbender.  I think I've preached the Os Mutantes performance of "Panis et Circencis" as being completely on the level of a "Strawberry Fields Forever" or "Good Vibrations," and I'll second that here.  The Mutantes also help Gilberto hit one out of the park with the Carnival-funk of "Bat Macumba,"  and Veloso and Costa turn in the absolute best version of "Baby," which I think has become somewhat of a Brazilian standard.  Oop! and let's not forget the Tom Ze-led musical concrete pop of "Parque Industrial."

Following this set, Veloso and Gil both turned in their first post-Tropicalia solo albums (they had done some straight-up bossa nova in the past).  While firmly in the cockpit, the musicians could take their spaceship further out there.  These albums are sort of like bouncing signals of Sgt. Pepper off of the surface of Mars and picking the transmissions up again in Rio.  Veloso's LP is lusher, with Duprat's twisted orchestral arrangements taking the Lewis Carroll whimsy side of British psychedelia and putting it up in a swinging Sao Paulo penthouse.  Although Veloso claims he never liked the tag"tropicalia," this album contains the track that gave the sound its name, along with one of his signature tunes, "Algeria Algeria."  Gil had the Mutantes still in tow, and skews a little more acid rock.  This helps since Gil tends to put the emphasis a little more on the rhythm, so you can twerk to more of this if you want to.

After this happy flowering of Brazilian psychedelia, the sound starts to darken (it would morph into 70's MFB style, which you can hear most easily on David Byrnes essential Beleze Tropical compilation ).  The word is that Veloso and Gil would wrap their political messages in poetic double and triple entendres, but they still ended up in jail for bucking the system.  And this is where they recorded their 1969 albums with only vocal and guitar.  That's not all you hear though, as the tapes were then shipped of to Duprat for full psychedelicization.  Gil comes off a little better under such a dark mood, with the first two tracks being among his best and the closing "Objeto Semi-Identificado" serving the listener with a full-on, experimental freak-out.  Veloso practices his English on a few tunes, but makes a perfect two point landing with "Nao Identificado."  I don't know, maybe I just think 'Identificado' is a cool word.

As the two intrepid singers were scuttled off to the UK, we've got this 1970 album release from Milton Nasciemento.  Although a talent equal to the tropicalia gang, he wasn't really a part of that scene as far as I know.  I think he was flirting around with Verve Records, which established a jazz connection which has allowed Nasciemento to appear on more American recordings, so I suppose it was a good idea.  His songwriting isn't quite as effortless as Veloso and Gil, but it's not shabby at all and his voice is absolutely distinctive in a way that few singers can muster.  I enjoy this CD, but I can't say I know much about it other than the sound.  There seems to be little hard information for this one drifting around on the net.  There is a jazzier glide to the sound, as well as a bit more of a band sound here.  It's sort of a transition from the 60's tropicalia to the somewhat spikier and percussive sounds Brazil would produce in the 70's.  You can get an earful of that at this retro-post: http://psychedelicobscurities.blogspot.jp/2008/01/milton-nascimentolo-borges-1972-clube.html

So there we go.  I totally dig these albums - I want to share them - I'm probably not that qualified to talk about them.  Don't let that dissuade you, though, and dive into to some of the best music the world has to offer.  Tell me if you're into this writing format as well.  I may continue with it a bit.


Anonymous said...

Caetano Veloso (1967):
Gilberto Gil (1968):
Caetano Veloso (1969):
Gilberto Gil (1969):

Anonymous said...

Thanks! Yes, enjoyed the words :)

12vjoe said...

Thanks for these - fantastic stuff!

Robert Charbonnier said...

Thank you. I didn't like everything, as I'm not into the Brasilian music, but there were a few psych songs from Caetano Veloso that I liked much.

Anonymous said...

Thanks very much. Some of this sounds a little too much like conventional Brazilian pop for my tastes, but I'm beginning to see the patterns.

SKA said...

I recommend some Brazilian psychedelic music . Hope you like it , I am Brazilian and I read the blog

https://youtu.be/BfeBetP6WS0 - Módulo 1000 - Não Fale Com Paredes (1970)

https://youtu.be/OamRuxvlTj0 - Pão Com Manteiga (1976)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QIvtcKDkwxs - Bicho Do Mato - SOM NOSSO DE CADA DIA

Anonymous said...

Thank you!! Very great selection!
Since then , I'm exploring Milton Nascimento discography, and it's full of terrific releases!

Some personal suggestions:
- Lô Borges (1972) who co-wrote Clube da esquina
- Tim Maia (pick any of his Brazilian-soul from 1970-1976)
- Trio Ternura if you like some funk-soul-pop (their 1971 album or even their 1974 LP as Quinteto Ternura)
- Antônio Carlos & Jocafi - Mudei De Ideia (1971) mixing psych-funk with the usual samba-bossanova.
- Secos & Molhados (1973)

Finn said...

Exceptional. I've tweeted a link as a recommendation. Hope that's cool, Doc. @BiccyM

We're Late For Class said...

Hey Doc,

We just wanted to let you know we're out of the closet.


Hope all is well with you.

All The Best

Bruno said...

My recommendation:



A must of brazilian psychedelia,

Slidewell said...

Contemporary Brazilian indie music has been an obsession of mine for a few years now. There is SO much fabulous, creative, original music that synthesizes indie rock, psychedelic, funk, Afro-pop as well as tropicalia, MPB, samba and Latin styles. The rhythms and melodies sound so fresh!

Here's just a smattering of my favorites:

On the psych side:
Bonifrate-(2013) Museu de Arte Moderna @320

Ian Ramil-(2014) Ian @320

Beto Mejia-(2012) Abraco @VBR

On the heart-breakingly beautiful traditional side:
Alvinho Lancellotti-(2012) O Tempo Faz a Gente Ter Esses Encantos @320

Anonymous said...

Thank you very much, a great selection of albums of this
magical brazilian style that still sounds so modern today
You just enlightened my days (I desperateley need that now !!)